Women who were involved in business or land management spent some part of their time in looking after their enterprises.
Finally, some women participated in cults and performed as priestesses to certain female deities Demeter and Aphrodite especially and also Dionysos. Children of the elite were taught Greek as well as Latin from an early age.
Duties of a rural woman included some of the agricultural work: the harvesting of olives and fruit was their responsibility, as may have been the gathering of vegetables. They could also own property.
Marriage facilitated a partnership between the father and prospective husbands, and enabled the formation of a mutually beneficial alliance with both political and economic incentives at heart. Women were here divided into two categories.
On the interior shown abovean elegant woman, holding a box, lifts the lid of an inlaid chest. After the widowed Marcia inherited considerable wealth, Cato married her again, in a ceremony lacking many of the formalities. Besides it being a practical arrangement, one big reason why Spartan women were given so much prestige was because they were the mothers of Spartan warriors.
This shifted a woman's body and relationships from being private, to become a public matter that could be regulated.
Among the elite, 14 was the age of transition from childhood to adolescence,  but a betrothal might be arranged for political reasons when the couple were too young to marry,  and in general noble women married younger than women of the lower classes.
Iulia was given the title of Augusta and she was a noted patron of the arts, in particular, literature and philosophy. Exceptions to this rigid social convention were weddings, funerals and state religious festivals in which women were expected to play prominent public roles.