Lysosomes — It is a membrane-bound cell organelle found in most animal cells they are absent in red blood cells. It is covered by two membranes.
They are the smallest of all organelles. Lipid bilayer structure and why it forms spontaneously. Structurally and chemically, they are spherical vesicles containing hydrolytic enzymes capable of breaking down virtually all kinds of biomolecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, and cellular debris.
Within the stroma are grana, stacks of thylakoidsthe sub-organelles, the daughter cells, where photosynthesis is commenced before the chemical changes are completed in the stroma. Many topics in chemistry overlap with basic biology principles. First, I challenge students to integrate seemingly disparate concepts by applying their understanding to real-life problems.