An analysis of the evolution of british poetry and the elizabethan literary
The concentration and originality of his imagery, as well as his jolting meter "sprung rhythm" , had a profound effect on 20th-century poetry. The greatest of the Cavalier poets was the sensuously lyrical Robert Herrick. In the s, the first blank verse tragedies appeared, ultimately giving rise to an art form that remains heavily studied today. William Shakespeare , of course, fulfilled the promise of the Elizabethan age. Lively and illuminating glimpses of Restoration manners and mores are provided by the diaries of Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn. By the end of the period, the novel was considered not only the premier form of entertainment but also a primary means of analyzing and offering solutions to social and political problems. He is generally considered to be the author of the influential handbook on poetry and rhetoric, The Arte of English Poesie Watson 4 vol. Probably the most celebrated literary circle in history was the one dominated by Samuel Johnson. In a day when there was not much entertainment, drama provided one of the few avenues of diversion and was wildly popular. Kermode and J. During the late 16th and early 17th cent. Letters were a popular form of polite literature. The social changes were so swift and brutal that Godwinian utopianism rapidly gave way to attempts either to justify the new economic and urban conditions, or to change them.
It generously fed the public's appetite for broad satire, high style, and a licentiousness that justified the worst Puritan imaginings. Stronger political relationships with the Continent were also developed, increasing England's exposure to Renaissance culture.
The Early Twentieth Century Irish drama flowered in the early 20th cent. The finest poet of the period was Yeats, whose poetry fused romantic vision with contemporary political and aesthetic concerns. The Eighteenth Century The Glorious Revolution of firmly established a Protestant monarchy together with effective rule by Parliament.
Elizabethan poetry characteristics
Samuel Butler produced novels satirizing the Victorian ethos, and Robert Louis Stevenson , a master of his craft, wrote arresting adventure fiction and children's verse. A sketch of a rehearsal in progress on the thrust stage of The Swan , a typical circular Elizabethan open-roof playhouse. Edmund Spenser, whose patron was none other than Leicester himself, often drew from the lives of the big celebrities of the day as subject matter for his poems. Thomas Kyd is frequently proposed as the author of the hypothetical Ur-Hamlet that may have been one of Shakespeare's primary sources for Hamlet. Towards the end of the 20th century, however, the established canon was criticized, especially by those who wished to expand it to include, for example, more women writers. Less bleak than the tragedies, these four plays are graver in tone than the comedies of the s, but they end with reconciliation and the forgiveness of potentially tragic errors. Nationalism inspired by the Reformation motivated the historical chronicles of the capable and stylish Edward Hall , who bequeathed to Shakespeare the tendentious Tudor interpretation of the 15th century, and of Raphael Holinshed The poetry of Robert Browning and his wife, Elizabeth Barrett Browning , was immensely popular, though Elizabeth's was more venerated during their lifetimes. Wyndham Lewis satirized what he thought was the total dissolution of culture in Apes of Gods Middle-class tastes were reflected in the growth of periodicals and newspapers, the best of which were the Tatler and the Spectator produced by Joseph Addison and Sir Richard Steele. William Shakespeare , of course, fulfilled the promise of the Elizabethan age. The periodicals Edinburgh Review and Blackwood's Magazine, in which leading writers were published throughout the century, were major forums of controversy, political as well as literary. In the s, the first blank verse tragedies appeared, ultimately giving rise to an art form that remains heavily studied today. Focusing on heroes whose very greatness leads to their downfall, Marlowe wrote in blank verse with a rhetorical brilliance and eloquence superbly equal to the demands of high drama. Lively and illuminating glimpses of Restoration manners and mores are provided by the diaries of Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn.
His best poetry is contained in the sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella and his Defence of Poesie is among the most important works of literary criticism in the tradition.
Jane Lumley — was the first person to translate Euripides into English. Commentary It may seem odd that the Mayor of London so opposed the theater houses: in our own day, drama is considered a bastion of high culture; indeed, many people prefer TV or movies, as they contain more "action," more sensation and excitement; why would anyone want to ban the comparatively staid and civilized genre of theatrical drama?
The Tudors and the Elizabethan Age The beginning of the Tudor dynasty coincided with the first dissemination of printed matter.
Lyly's play Love's Metamorphosis is a large influence on Love's Labour's Lost and Gallathea is a possible source for other plays. More versatile even than Sidney was Sir Walter Raleigh—poet, historian, courtier, explorer, and soldier—who wrote strong, spare poetry.
Jonson and Donne shared not only a common fund of literary resources, but also a dryness of wit and precision of expression. The early Tudor period, particularly the reign of Henry VIII, was marked by a break with the Roman Catholic Church and a weakening of feudal ties, which brought about a vast increase in the power of the monarchy.
Sensitivity and psychological subtlety mark the superb novels of Virginia Woolfwho, like Dorothy Richardsonexperimented with the interior forms of narration.
During the late 16th and early 17th cent.
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